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How to close off business for 2021 | Bookkeeping | Accounting


What better way is there than to prepare for the future by reflecting on your progress? This is why KPIs (key performance indicators) are so important. “It is better to move forward, than to move fast and backwards”. Now, how do you measure that you’re really going forward? 

What do the books say about revenue growth? The “books” are a business’s revenue, expense and income summary reports. Lucky for you if you are using an accounting software, it automatically closes your income and expense accounts at year end before adding your net profit (or loss) to your retained earnings account. If you have not automated this process and recording in your books manually, read on. 

Closing the books annually lets businesses draw up financial statements that give business owners insights into their business’s financial health. This also helps you to properly file for your income tax returns. 

Here are 5 things you need to do before you close off the business year: 

* Monetize all invoices.

Be sure to send out reminders to clients on outstanding payments and that all the invoices are being monetized. If some clients don’t pay you, you can write the invoices off as bad debt (or if you think they are never going to pay you-this is why contract agreements are important). Follow up on invoices and payments, and make sure all the business money has reached the business account. 

* Record your expenses.

ALL your bills go onto this; from things as little as internet costs, fixed costs, to variable costs. This includes incurred business expenses, keep track of those separately; you can claim tax deductions on these.

* Reconcile bank statements.

This is a common practice for many, even for personal finance. This will help you identify discrepancies, possible bank errors, or fraudulent activity that may have happened in your account. This can also help you reflect on some transactions you have authorized, that might kill your business, canceled and uncleared checks. 

* Profit and Loss.

This reports on your business performance over the year. This shows the value of sales, expenses, and overheads and the resulting gross and net profit or loss for the year. Run it from the first day of your fiscal year to the last. 

* Balance Sheet.

This report shows the worth of your business from the day you started trading, up to the end of the fiscal year. It includes your company assets and liabilities. 

That’s a few pointers from us. Let us know what your year end closing tradition is like, we would love to hear about the different ways for different businesses. 

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RETIREMENT ANNUITY | RETIREMENT PLAN

What’s your plan after Retirement? How are you planning to continue living your comfortable lifestyle even after retirement? 

This is where Retirement Annuities come in. It is a lifetime guaranteed monthly or annual income for a retiree until their death. You might be asking how this is different from a Pension Fund or Provident Fund? Let’s break it down for you before we get any further… 

Different types of retirement vehicles:

Pension fund – You can only join a pension fund, through the company that employs you. Your money is managed by the trustees of the fund and your contributions as well as your employer’s contributions are tax deductible. 

Provident fund – with provident fund, you are able to withdraw the entire savings amount as a lump sum when you retire. 

Retirement annuity fund – a retirement annuity fund is independent of your employer, it allows you to choose what funds you invest this money in and you can also make monthly contributions. 

Retirement Annuity Plan 

Retirement Planning is important because it enables you to invest your money for a time when you will no longer be working but want to continue living comfortably with regular income.

However, this is barely ever enough to guarantee a comfortable retirement, simply because the value of money changes over time due to factors such as inflation and interest rates – which is why it is imperative that one makes additional contributions to their retirement plan, over and above the employer’s contribution. 

For example

Someone who’s been contributing R300 per month with their employer doing the same over the past 10 years, that amounts to R600 total contribution per month. This means that this person has saved R72 000 over the past 10 years. If this person continues to work for more than 30 years, given that nothing changes, a contribution of R600 per month over the next 30 years equals R216 000. Adding this to the R72 000 that was saved equals R288 000. 

Disclaimer: this amount does not take into account inflation and interest rates.

Retirement annuities can be taken up as an additional investment plan for retirement which will guarantee you fixed or variable payments over time during your years of retirement.

Over and above your Retirement Annuities, there’s a few things you can do to ensure you still live a comfortable life even after retirement;

1️⃣ Start saving and investing now.  Try to take up a minimum of 10% of your income and put into your savings and investments and increase this as your income increases over the years. You can also automate this process by creating debit orders so that the money is deducted automatically from your account on payday. It’s a great way to grow your wealth.

2️⃣ Adopt healthy lifestyle choices. Your mind, body and income are wealth-building tools. Don’t destroy them with unhealthy and expensive habits and addictions that are expensive to treat.

3️⃣ NEVER cash out your pension funds when you change jobs, rather transfer it to your new employer’s pension fund.

We have pretty much covered anything, you can look up different companies that offer different Retirement Annuity investment plans, compare and pick one that makes more sense to you.

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All about NPOs in South Africa

We have touched on Public Benefits Organizations not so long ago on one of our #FunFactsWednedays video, let us to continue this chat. 

What is an NPO?

We cannot assume you know, let’s get to understand what an NPO is. An NPO is a Nonprofit Organisation that plays a significant role in society, they take responsibility of the social and development needs of the country.

How to get started: 

Just like any other business/organisation, there must be intent or purpose of starting. Start here: 

1️⃣ Define your goal – before you could even register, you just at least know what your NPO will stand for. Knowing your WHY is important, it will help you navigate things more especially in cases where you need to go back to the drawing board. What exactly do you hope to achieve once you start the organization? Read more: What exactly do you hope to achieve once you start the organization?

2️⃣ Choose your board of Directors – selecting management of the NPO is probably the most fundamental step. Bring in like-minded people on board, it’s even better to get people from different industries who could come in with different perspectives during different situations. 

3️⃣ Draft your memorandum – this is important as it proves your intention to register the organization as a “not-for-profit” company – followed by information about how the organization would be governed, owned, and other important things to note therein.

Lastly, register. 

About registering your NPO

You can submit your non-profit organisation (NPO) application at your nearest provincial  social development office or a local South African Revenue Service (SARS) branch office. 

Benefits of registering is that its certificate:

  • improves your credibility and increases funding opportunities
  • it allows your organisation to open a bank account
  • helps your organisation with tax incentives.

The prerequisites of registering is that you must be one of the following:

  • non-governmental organisation (NGO)
  • community-based organisation (CBO)
  • faith-based organisation (FBO).

Do NPOs pay tax? 

However these organisations are “nonprofit”, they do not automatically qualify for tax exemption, the organisations that meet the requirements set out in the Income Tax Act, 1962 must apply for this exemption. Only IF the exemption application has been approved by SARS, the organisation will then be registered as a Public Benefit Organisation (PBO) and allocated a unique PBO reference number. 

These organisations can issue section 18A certificates – which allow for tax deduction to parties who make donations to such organisations. This becomes an attraction to donors because they get to enjoy these tax benefits therein by making donations to your organisation. 

As a member of a Public Benefit Company/Organisation, familiarise yourself with the conditions of the section 18A or contact Accase Solutions and we will gladly assist: 

✉️: info@accasesolutions.co.za

☎: 0615238833

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Bookkeeping Guide

Let’s not assume you know, and take it from the top. 

Bookkeeping is the recording of financial transactions made by a business, this means keeping track of what your business spends and what you receive. The  transactions would be recorded in daybooks, cashbooks, or journals, you can also use a spreadsheet program like Microsoft Excel.

Do you need a bookkeeper for your business? 

You can either do this by setting up a software, or hire a bookkeeper to keep your books in check. A Bookkeeper’s responsibility is to record, classify, and organize every financial transaction that is made throughout business operations. 

Amongst other reasons, one of the reasons why some startups fail is due to the poor management of money: sole business owners mostly can relate. It gets a bit challenging to separate business finances form personal finances, making it harder to account for some of the money that comes in, and goes out of the business because no one is holding you accountable for anything. This is where bookkeeping comes in. When studied thoroughly, you can see some of your spending habits which you need to change.

3 reasons why you need bookkeeping:

  1. To reflect on whether you are spending more than you make, vise versa. Moreover, bookkeeping enables you to seamlessly analyze your expenses, and adjust your budget, if need be. You will have a record of all your financial information you may need in a case where you want to plan or budget for the future. 
  2. You can curate accurate tax returns. Tax preparation can be a stressful season for small business owners, this is where bookkeeping comes in. Instead of looking through a pile of documents to get the required information, bookkeeping ensures that this information is well organized beforehand.
  3. We have mentioned before, cashflow is one of the struggles small businesses have. Bookkeeping will help you mitigate that challenge by keeping track of the cash going in and out of your business. Having this kind of information will give you the confidence and peace of mind you need to make financial decisions. 

Bookkeeping: How-To

  1. Record your sales (in a cashbook/spreadsheet).
  2. Note down every business-related purchase (keep proof of purchase).
  3. Regularly cross-referencing your business books against your bank statements to check that the transactions and balances match, A.K.A Reconciliation. 

Other things to note…

  1. Accounts receivable, i.e. issuing invoices and making sure they’re paid, and accounts payable, i.e.paying bills on time.
  2. Payroll (paying employees). 


Bookkeeping software

There are many small businesses that use online bookkeeping software to speed up the job, this also cuts down on human data-entry errors and saves time. The benefits of these tools include, but not limited to: automatically pay bills, send automated invoice reminders to people who owe you money, and allow you to check cash flow from your phone. 


Here are 3 softwares you can check out:

1️⃣ Sage 

2️⃣ Xero 

3️⃣ QuickBooks


I’m conclusion…

If you are too much of a busy for bookkeeping for your small business, then you can find someone to do it for you; outsource or hire. We have an article on what’s the best option between the two, again this depends on a number of things. If you wish to get a bookkeeper for your business, look no further: Accase Solutions would love to assist! Reach us here: 

 ✉️: info@accasesolutions.co.za

☎: 0615238833

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Tax Season Readiness

The Individual Tax Season is upon us, many of you might have seen us share a lot about this. In this blog, we will not get into any technicalities, but rather share the administration side of things (or so to say). 

Why You Need To File For Your Returns 

As many like to say when starting a business that it is important for you to identify your WHY, and so it is for us to know WHY is it important to file for your returns. 

1️⃣ The first, most general reason is that you are being a good citizen. Remember that if you don’t file, you are committing an offence as per Tax Admin Act, which is punishable by law.

2️⃣ For financing purposes, you need to be up to date with your taxes. When you apply for a home loan or car finance for instance, they will check your tax compliance status (as they do credit checks), it becomes an issue if you are not compliant with the South African Revenue Services (SARS). It communicates a message that you are not a god citizen who pays their dues. 

3️⃣ You might have heard some people saying it’s Refund Season (although that is not necessary 100% true), but if you don’t file and SARS actually owes you a refund then you won’t get it due to non compliance.

4️⃣ Regarding your Retirement Fund – if you retire and your taxes are not up to date, it will be an issue for your funds to be released. 

Those are some of the reasons why you need to be tax complaint. If you want this a bit more detailed, we did share a blog previously. Check it out here: https://accasesolutions.co.za/2021/03/29/important-things-to-know-about-tax-in-south-africa/

Where To File For Returns 

Just to mention, you have various opinions available to you, you are not bound to use a tax practitioner (for example) because it does come at a fee. Here are some of the options available to you: 

1️⃣ You can use your SARS e-filing.

2️⃣ You can use your SARS Mobi App.

3️⃣ You can make an appointment (via SMS or online) with your nearest SARS branch. 

4️⃣ Or you can use a certified tax practitioner: we have pointers on this on our blog previously. 

Mistakes: Criminal Offences

In passing, we would like to share these few red flags/little things that gets you in trouble with SARS and are actually criminal offences:

➡️ Not updating your details (emails address, banking details, postal address, etc)

➡️ Not filing for your taxes 

➡️ Failure to provide information as and when requested to do so by SARS

… and a few more as listed below:

Auto Assessment 

Moving right along… let’s touch on Auto Assessments. 

How it works:

Previously, you would get a certificate from your third party (medical aid, employer, etc), log in and slot in the details manually. But now,  SARS is connected to these 3rd parties and sources/uses information from them to pre-populate your returns. When your employer sends you IRP5, it gets loaded. When your medical aid gives you your certificate, it gets loaded. Everything you get from different institutions automatically get loaded into the SARS portal and when you login, you will find all this information in one place. 

So before you ACCEPT the auto assessment option, it is your duty to ENSURE that all the details are correct if you are doing it by yourself. If you find that something doesn’t make sense, you can decline the Auto Assessment and “Edit” it. Although you might find that having a tax practitioner makes things a lot easier because we know better and understand some of the technical things you might not understand. 

Home (Office) Expenses Deduction

If you follow us on social media, you might have seen us touch on this. So this is relatively new to most taxpayers due to Covid19 and working from home conditions (it has always been available to commission earners), but be in the know that you are able to deduct your home office expenses IF you meet the requirements. Some of the requirements include but not limited to:

✅ Your home office is used SOLELY for production of income. 

✅ If the employee’s remuneration is only salary, the duties are mainly performed in this part of the home. It therefore means you perform more than 50% of your duties in your home office.

✅ Where more than 50% of your remuneration consist of commission or variable payments based on your work performance and more than 50% of those duties are performed outside of an office provided by your employer.

NB: Only expenses relating to the premises must be allocated based on floor area (such as rent, interest on bond, cleaning, etc.). Expenses that do not relate to the premises (such as clothing and furniture) do not need to be allocated based on floor area.

If you qualify for a home office deduction; enter the expenses amount calculated next to the source code 4028 (Home Office Expenses) in the “Other Deduction” container on your Income Tax Return. 

Medical Aid Rebates (Tax Credit)

How rebates work;

SARS will show you how much tax you’re supposed to pay for the year, and we consider the rebates which reduce your tax liability. 

For example; if you’re supposed to pay SARS R20 000 for taxes, and your rebates add up to R10 000, this will mean that from the R20 000 you’re supposed to pay, your tax will go down by R10 000 and you will only owe SARS R10 000. 

However, this is not “automatic”. The “refund” comes in when you did not owe SARS anything (sitting at R0), and the medical aid credits come in (as per example)…leaving SARS in a position of owing you money due to the rebates. 

Note that these are not refundable credits in a sense that if you did not pay tax for the year but you have a medical aid, you will not automatically get a refund from the rebates. The rebates DECREASE your tax liability. So if you did not pay tax for the year, you are not going to benefit from the medical aid credit. 

We hope that this blog enlightened you and answered some of your questions. Feel free to send us a DM on our socials if you need clarity, or drop a comment below. 

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How to pick the best accountant/tax personnel for your business

Picking the right accountant is important for your business’s financial future. An accountant manages your finances and plays a significant role on the direction of your business. So it’s important to do thorough research before you hire an accountant. 

An accountant can acts as your business’s financial guide by overseeing and/ or forecasting your company’s financial planning and recordkeeping. They can handle your bookkeeping, as well as help with tax planning and tax returns. 

A question that may arise as you read this may be, how do I CHOOSE the right accountant/tax personnel for my business?

Avoid being scammed and learn by reading on 🧠📚🤓👇

If you follow us on our social media, you would remember us touching a bit on this subject. Just to recap, as per Tax Administration Act no. 28 of 2011, every person who provides advice to another with respect to application of tax principles or assistists with any tax matters for a fee must:

✅ Be registered with Recognized Controlling Body that’s registered with SARS.  

✅ Be qualified.

✅ Undergo examination to evaluate their ability to competently perform functions of a tax practitioner

✅ Engage in continuing professional development.

1️⃣ Just to save you a bit of time, accountants in South Africa could belong to one of the other main South African accounting bodies:

Independent Regulatory Board for Auditors (www.irba.co.za)

South African Institute of Professional Accountants (www.saipa.co.za)

The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (www.acca.org.za)

Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (www.cimaglobal.com)

The South African Institute of Business Accountants (www.saiba.org.za)

Institute of Administration and Commerce (www.iacsa.co.za)

Institute of Certified Bookkeepers (www.icb.org.za)

If your accountant belongs to one of these organizations, then that’s security for you! If there is an issue, you will be able to lodge a complaint with the respective organization. 

Accase Solutions is a company of Certified Tax Practitionership with accountants, tax and personnel involved in our tax accounting practice.

With all that said, we would like to top it off with a word that we are registered with the IAC, Institute of Accounting and Commerce as Certified Tax Practitioner since registration of Accase Solutions.

2️⃣ Your accountant needs to keep up with the ever changing technologies and should be using recent and relevant software solutions. Be it Sage Accounting Software, for instance, it’s important that they have the training and experience working with that tool. 

3️⃣ What evidence is there to support that you can trust them to manage your finances? Are they even real? Do they have references? What important information is there on their website? You might wanna call and check with the references if need be. 


Here are 3 reasons why you can trust Accase Solutions with your taxes and accounting:

✅ We are Certified Tax Practitioners, qualified and registered with Recognized Controlling Body.

✅ We are competent and can perform the functions of a tax practitioner & Accountants. 

✅ We are professional.

If you would like to consult with us, reach out to us here:

✉️: info@accasesolutions.co.za

☎: 0615238833 

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How to avoid paying tax as a small business in South Africa

Taxes? There’s no running away from it! Oh no wait, not only will it catch up with you but the new law says you are liable to jail time! But of course, there are legal ways to reduce taxes. Read on…

Firstly, let’s understand the difference; when you conceal (hide) income or information from tax authorities, it is called Tax Evasion and it’s illegal. Legally reducing your taxable income is called Tax Avoidance.

All business owners have asked themselves this question at some point, “ how can I reduce my taxes?”, if not having to pay tax at all. Look, not registering your business is not a way to run away from paying tax, you are running your business as a sole proprietor and still have to pay taxes, if not more. We’ve covered this before, refer to this blog: https://accasesolutions.co.za/2021/03/16/can-sars-tax-you-even-if-your-business-is-not-registered/

Deliberately understating sales or overstating expenses is also tax evasion so that’s not a strategy. Tax evasion is considered a punishable criminal offence and can have the consequence of penalties. A good tax avoidance strategy is if you use different ways to pay lower rates when it comes to taxes without breaking the law. 

Two (2) guaranteed strategies to legally avoid paying tax: 

1️⃣ Hire young job seekers

When you hire youth (18-35), you get ETI(employment tax incentives) for the first 24 months of the person’s employment (subject to terms).

These incentives you can apply towards PAYE that the company has to pay. For example if your total PAYE payable for the month is R3500 (for every employee in the company), but due to that one young person you hired, say you get ETI worth R1000 every month (this figure differs based on terms, as mentioned above. Then the company will only pay PAYE of 2500 instead of 3500).

2️⃣ Donate to a SARS registered charity 

According to SARS, donation does not have to take the form of money – it can include a physical asset or something that has a deemed value. Donations tax is calculated at a flat rate of 20% on the value of the donation up to R30 million, and at a rate of 25% on donations over and above R30 million. However, Sars makes provision for a donations tax threshold of R100 000 below which no donations tax is payable. Meaning you can make multiple donations throughout the year on a tax-free basis as long as the cumulative total does not exceed the R100 000 threshold.

Although passing your personal expenses through business has very limited personal advantage (since there’s not much you can buy), but you can’t buy what doesn’t make sense to your business. But you may also take advantage of this. For instance; if you are in a type of business where you use your phone to create content, you can buy the latest iPhone 12 and register it through your business. It makes sense because you do make use of a cellphone to deliver your service at best. 

Some key components to remember when planning and avoiding TAX:

❇️Timing 

❇️Gross income

❇️Income or capital 

❇️Deductions 

To hire employees or outsource?

At some point as an entrepreneur growing a small business, this is a decision you will have to make. You cannot do everything by yourself (forever), the more clients you get, the more hands and brains you will need. firstly, what does hiring mean, what responsibility does it leave you with, and even the pros/cons of bringing in independent contractors? This blog will contrast.

According to the Black’s Law Dictionary, an employee is a person who works in the service of another person under a contract of hire, which gives the employer the right to control the details of work performance, while a self-employed (herein Independent Contractor) is a person or entity contracted to perform work for—or provide services to—another entity as a nonemployee.

Now the question is, flexibility or responsibility?

Both contracts have their own Pros and Cons, which we discussed below:

Pros and Cons of hiring an employee:

Before bringing onboarding anyone, you need to understand that extra manpower comes with an array of legal obligations, liabilities, expenses, and paperwork. It’s important to consider hiring when your business is ready for this step, as it comes with responsibility: high turnover, absenteeism, higher healthcare costs, workplace violence, theft, etc.

ProsCons
You get the advantage of being able to completely control and direct that person’s work during work timeEmployees come laws and regulations from the federal government and your state regulate the payment of wages or salaries, overtime, etc
Train the person in the way you want the job done.You must also comply with payroll tax requirements.
Require that person to work only for you.And other responsibilities such as payment of unemployment insurance and worker’s compensation insurance.

fig.1. Pros and Cons:

Pros and Cons of outsourcing independent contractors

This means you will have less time dictating on training, management, and supervision so that you can focus on other tasks and demands of the business.

We have said this previously, having employees means having fixed costs. This particular contract gives you a great competitive advantage, controlled costs, and increased reach. You can get access to capabilities and facilities otherwise not accessible or affordable while saving costs.

fig.2. Pros and Cons:

ProsCons
You have few reporting or tax responsibilities.You can assign duties and impose a deadline but you cannot tell them how to get the job done.
You must report the amount you have paid them each year, but you don’t have to pay FICA taxes. They can work for others and often set his or her hours of work.
Their payroll responsibilities are significantly less than for an employee.

At the end of the day, it all boils down to at what level is your business, hiring is quite a big responsibility. We have talked about this on a blog before that hiring interns helps too. Before you make that decision, you need to have honest money conversations with yourself, the extra time for supervision, etc.

It’s not a train smash if you cannot afford to hire a recruiter to help you find the right talent, you can conduct the interviews yourself, but you also need to prepare yourself to make sure you get as much information as possible and ensure the interviewee is culture fit. All the best if you are about to make that decision, we hope that you found this insightful and that it helps you make an informed decision.

Important things to know about tax in South Africa

Understanding the South African taxation system

To put it in simple terms, tax is a compulsory contribution to state revenue, you must pay South African taxes if you work in South Africa or own a South African business. South Africa uses a residence-based taxation system, non-residents are taxed on South African-sourced income.

Tax money does not only pay for public goods and services, it is also key in the social contract between citizens and the economy. Paying taxes fosters economic growth and development. This is the government’s sources of funding for social programs and public investments.

Understanding taxes: types, filing for returns, refunds from SARS:

There are many different type of taxes. Just to mention a few, some include:

  1. Pay As You Earn (PAYE)
  2. Personal Income Tax
  3. Provisional Tax
  4. Capital Gains Tax
  5. Value Added Tax

Ordinary taxpayers are those who earn a salary from an employer. Your employer should deduct Pay As You Earn (PAYE) from your salary monthly and pay that to SARS on your behalf.

Here’s an example of how your Net Income will look like after taxes

Why SARS issues refunds:

If for instance you take an unpaid leave at work, the payroll administrator has to adjust your tax therein. If the adjustment is not made, it means that your company deducted more tax as it was based on a wrong annual income. In this case, SARS is liable to give you a refund.

The whole point of filing for tax returns is for SARS too determine all your tax, and if you have paid, they conclude on the right amount. If you have overpaid them, they will definitely give you your money back. Understand that, you only get a refund IF you have overpaid because you filed for returns.

Income Tax VS Provisional tax.

Provisional taxpayers have multiple sources of income such as a salary and commission or are business owners or self-employed including freelancers and contract workers. This means that you need to pay taxes even from other activities like renting out a room in your home (e.g. Airbnb), you will have to declare those to SARS when you do your tax return.


SARS has what we call Provisional tax payment which is paid in advance, every six months. This means you pay provisional tax twice a year before your year ends. Just after the year ends, you compare what you have paid already to what you should have paid, and if underpaid there’s a third provisional payment/top-up due 6 months after year-end.

You could be asking, what happens when you pay SARS more than you should have?

…well, that’s okay because SARS will give you a refund after you’ve submitted your year end returns which is due 12 months after your year ends.

On Value Added Tax (VAT)
VAT in South Africa is levied on the consumption of goods and services, the rate is currently 15%. When you bill someone, you charge them VAT and that portion is not your money – you have to pay it to SARS. Businesses must register for VAT in South Africa if their annual turnover exceeds R1 million within a 12-month period. Taxpayers can, however, register on a voluntary basis if their annual supplies exceed R50 000.

When you buy from VAT vendors, you pay the VAT (which belongs to SARS), you’re supposed to get it back on your side because you paid VAT vendors. If for instance you sell items whose VAT element is R1000, and the material is R2000 worth of taxes, it means you paid more VAT than you have charged your customer. You can therefore claim excess herein, and SARS becomes liable to giving you a refund. SARS may request some verifications before paying the refund as the onus to prove such details is on the taxpayer.

A read from Expatica explains that tourists and diplomats visiting South Africa can claim a refund of the VAT they paid on goods purchased in the country. To qualify, you’ll need to be a non-resident foreign passport-holder or a South African passport-holder who is now a permanent resident of another country. You can reclaim VAT when leaving the country by declaring the goods in question to a customs official.

We will, for now close it here. Do reach out to us to learn more about taxes, filing for returns, and compliance.

Can SARS tax you even if your business is not registered?

Can SARS tax you even if your business is not registered?

The answer is YES. If you are running a business that is not registered, you are basically a sole proprietor.


What Is Sole Proprietorship?


A sole proprietorship is defined as a business that is owned and operated by a natural person (individual).

This is considered the simplest form of doing business. It simply means the entity is not legal (registered) and has no existence separate from the owner who is called the proprietor. Although a sole proprietorship can operate under the name of its owner or give a business’ fictitious name, the name does not create a legal entity separate from the sole proprietor owner.


Pros and Cons of Sole Proprietorship


Sole proprietorship obviously has some pros and cons. Here are 3 pros and cons:

Pros:
1️⃣Simple to establish, operate or even discontinue the business.
2️⃣Owner is free to make decisions.
3️⃣Owner receives all the profits.


Cons:
1️⃣The owner is legally liable for all the debts of the business. 
2️⃣​Limited ability to raise capital, which limits the expansion of a business when new capital is required.
3️⃣The owner alone has limited skills, they may need to hire employees with sought-after skills.



What Is Most Tax Efficient?
Sole Proprietorship vs LTD (PTY)

It all boils down to expected earnings from your business.

Individuals are taxed on a sliding scale, which means that the rate of tax you pay increases as your earnings increase. This applies to any individual earning more than R87,300 per tax year.

In a company, profits are taxed at a rate of 28%, irrespective of the value. Plus, dividends tax is levied at 20% on profits retained in the company and distributed as a dividend in the future.

In A Nutshell…

As an individual earns more, you move into the higher tax bracket. The difference in tax between a company and a sole proprietor decreases. At a lower level of taxable income, it’s more tax-efficient to operate as a sole proprietor and enjoy the benefits available to individuals. At higher income brackets, it’s likely that company registration would be more beneficial.

This should help you make a better decision if you were stuck between registering your business and operating it individually. For business registrations and taxes, please do get in touch with us 📲