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Bookkeeping Guide

Let’s not assume you know, and take it from the top. 

Bookkeeping is the recording of financial transactions made by a business, this means keeping track of what your business spends and what you receive. The  transactions would be recorded in daybooks, cashbooks, or journals, you can also use a spreadsheet program like Microsoft Excel.

Do you need a bookkeeper for your business? 

You can either do this by setting up a software, or hire a bookkeeper to keep your books in check. A Bookkeeper’s responsibility is to record, classify, and organize every financial transaction that is made throughout business operations. 

Amongst other reasons, one of the reasons why some startups fail is due to the poor management of money: sole business owners mostly can relate. It gets a bit challenging to separate business finances form personal finances, making it harder to account for some of the money that comes in, and goes out of the business because no one is holding you accountable for anything. This is where bookkeeping comes in. When studied thoroughly, you can see some of your spending habits which you need to change.

3 reasons why you need bookkeeping:

  1. To reflect on whether you are spending more than you make, vise versa. Moreover, bookkeeping enables you to seamlessly analyze your expenses, and adjust your budget, if need be. You will have a record of all your financial information you may need in a case where you want to plan or budget for the future. 
  2. You can curate accurate tax returns. Tax preparation can be a stressful season for small business owners, this is where bookkeeping comes in. Instead of looking through a pile of documents to get the required information, bookkeeping ensures that this information is well organized beforehand.
  3. We have mentioned before, cashflow is one of the struggles small businesses have. Bookkeeping will help you mitigate that challenge by keeping track of the cash going in and out of your business. Having this kind of information will give you the confidence and peace of mind you need to make financial decisions. 

Bookkeeping: How-To

  1. Record your sales (in a cashbook/spreadsheet).
  2. Note down every business-related purchase (keep proof of purchase).
  3. Regularly cross-referencing your business books against your bank statements to check that the transactions and balances match, A.K.A Reconciliation. 

Other things to note…

  1. Accounts receivable, i.e. issuing invoices and making sure they’re paid, and accounts payable, i.e.paying bills on time.
  2. Payroll (paying employees). 


Bookkeeping software

There are many small businesses that use online bookkeeping software to speed up the job, this also cuts down on human data-entry errors and saves time. The benefits of these tools include, but not limited to: automatically pay bills, send automated invoice reminders to people who owe you money, and allow you to check cash flow from your phone. 


Here are 3 softwares you can check out:

1️⃣ Sage 

2️⃣ Xero 

3️⃣ QuickBooks


I’m conclusion…

If you are too much of a busy for bookkeeping for your small business, then you can find someone to do it for you; outsource or hire. We have an article on what’s the best option between the two, again this depends on a number of things. If you wish to get a bookkeeper for your business, look no further: Accase Solutions would love to assist! Reach us here: 

 ✉️: info@accasesolutions.co.za

☎: 0615238833

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How to pick the best accountant/tax personnel for your business

Picking the right accountant is important for your business’s financial future. An accountant manages your finances and plays a significant role on the direction of your business. So it’s important to do thorough research before you hire an accountant. 

An accountant can acts as your business’s financial guide by overseeing and/ or forecasting your company’s financial planning and recordkeeping. They can handle your bookkeeping, as well as help with tax planning and tax returns. 

A question that may arise as you read this may be, how do I CHOOSE the right accountant/tax personnel for my business?

Avoid being scammed and learn by reading on 🧠📚🤓👇

If you follow us on our social media, you would remember us touching a bit on this subject. Just to recap, as per Tax Administration Act no. 28 of 2011, every person who provides advice to another with respect to application of tax principles or assistists with any tax matters for a fee must:

✅ Be registered with Recognized Controlling Body that’s registered with SARS.  

✅ Be qualified.

✅ Undergo examination to evaluate their ability to competently perform functions of a tax practitioner

✅ Engage in continuing professional development.

1️⃣ Just to save you a bit of time, accountants in South Africa could belong to one of the other main South African accounting bodies:

Independent Regulatory Board for Auditors (www.irba.co.za)

South African Institute of Professional Accountants (www.saipa.co.za)

The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (www.acca.org.za)

Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (www.cimaglobal.com)

The South African Institute of Business Accountants (www.saiba.org.za)

Institute of Administration and Commerce (www.iacsa.co.za)

Institute of Certified Bookkeepers (www.icb.org.za)

If your accountant belongs to one of these organizations, then that’s security for you! If there is an issue, you will be able to lodge a complaint with the respective organization. 

Accase Solutions is a company of Certified Tax Practitionership with accountants, tax and personnel involved in our tax accounting practice.

With all that said, we would like to top it off with a word that we are registered with the IAC, Institute of Accounting and Commerce as Certified Tax Practitioner since registration of Accase Solutions.

2️⃣ Your accountant needs to keep up with the ever changing technologies and should be using recent and relevant software solutions. Be it Sage Accounting Software, for instance, it’s important that they have the training and experience working with that tool. 

3️⃣ What evidence is there to support that you can trust them to manage your finances? Are they even real? Do they have references? What important information is there on their website? You might wanna call and check with the references if need be. 


Here are 3 reasons why you can trust Accase Solutions with your taxes and accounting:

✅ We are Certified Tax Practitioners, qualified and registered with Recognized Controlling Body.

✅ We are competent and can perform the functions of a tax practitioner & Accountants. 

✅ We are professional.

If you would like to consult with us, reach out to us here:

✉️: info@accasesolutions.co.za

☎: 0615238833 

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How to avoid paying tax as a small business in South Africa

Taxes? There’s no running away from it! Oh no wait, not only will it catch up with you but the new law says you are liable to jail time! But of course, there are legal ways to reduce taxes. Read on…

Firstly, let’s understand the difference; when you conceal (hide) income or information from tax authorities, it is called Tax Evasion and it’s illegal. Legally reducing your taxable income is called Tax Avoidance.

All business owners have asked themselves this question at some point, “ how can I reduce my taxes?”, if not having to pay tax at all. Look, not registering your business is not a way to run away from paying tax, you are running your business as a sole proprietor and still have to pay taxes, if not more. We’ve covered this before, refer to this blog: https://accasesolutions.co.za/2021/03/16/can-sars-tax-you-even-if-your-business-is-not-registered/

Deliberately understating sales or overstating expenses is also tax evasion so that’s not a strategy. Tax evasion is considered a punishable criminal offence and can have the consequence of penalties. A good tax avoidance strategy is if you use different ways to pay lower rates when it comes to taxes without breaking the law. 

Two (2) guaranteed strategies to legally avoid paying tax: 

1️⃣ Hire young job seekers

When you hire youth (18-35), you get ETI(employment tax incentives) for the first 24 months of the person’s employment (subject to terms).

These incentives you can apply towards PAYE that the company has to pay. For example if your total PAYE payable for the month is R3500 (for every employee in the company), but due to that one young person you hired, say you get ETI worth R1000 every month (this figure differs based on terms, as mentioned above. Then the company will only pay PAYE of 2500 instead of 3500).

2️⃣ Donate to a SARS registered charity 

According to SARS, donation does not have to take the form of money – it can include a physical asset or something that has a deemed value. Donations tax is calculated at a flat rate of 20% on the value of the donation up to R30 million, and at a rate of 25% on donations over and above R30 million. However, Sars makes provision for a donations tax threshold of R100 000 below which no donations tax is payable. Meaning you can make multiple donations throughout the year on a tax-free basis as long as the cumulative total does not exceed the R100 000 threshold.

Although passing your personal expenses through business has very limited personal advantage (since there’s not much you can buy), but you can’t buy what doesn’t make sense to your business. But you may also take advantage of this. For instance; if you are in a type of business where you use your phone to create content, you can buy the latest iPhone 12 and register it through your business. It makes sense because you do make use of a cellphone to deliver your service at best. 

Some key components to remember when planning and avoiding TAX:

❇️Timing 

❇️Gross income

❇️Income or capital 

❇️Deductions